Ambulance on an emergency call with its blue lights flashing.

The Magnificence of our National Health Service

Parent & Teacher Guidance
The Magnificence of our National Health Service

The NHS was established on 5 July 1948. The Health Minister at the time was Aneurin Bevan, who had three main principles for establishing the service which were to extend respect, dignity and compassion and care to people free of charge when they needed them. At the launch of the NHS this was the best health system in the whole world. Prior to 1900 health care was primarily provided by charities in the workhouse, under poor laws together with an unregulated private sector. 

Over the years the service has changed and improved. 
3 May 1968 – first heart transplant at the National Heart  Hospital, London. 
1972 – First CT scan revolutionises the way doctors can examine the body. 
1980s – Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan available. 
1987 – First lung, heart and liver transplant. 
1991 – The first wave of NHS trust establishment. 
1994 – Organ donor register established. 
1998 – NHS Wales Direct established, dealing with almost half a million calls a month. 

The NHS is now celebrating its 63rd anniversary. The last two years have been challenging for the service following Covid-19. However, amid all the difficulties by 28 July 2021 Wales has administered 2,292,572 first doses of covid-19 vaccine, 72.3% of the total population and 2,036,670 of the second dose which is 64.3% of the country's population. 

Aneirin Bevan
Minister of Health and founder of the NHS. A man from south Wales who started his career as a miner when he left school at the age of 13.
CT Scan
A computer tomography scan that uses X-rays and a computer to create detailed images of the inside of the body.
First heart transplant
The first heart transplant in Britain by Donald Ross and a team of 18 doctors and nurses. Frederick West was the patient who received a heart from a man named Patrick Ryan.
Where poor people were able to live and do work and obtain food under poor conditions between 1700-1900.
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