Cardiff the capital city of Wales

Cardiff the capital city of Wales

Parent & Teacher Guidance
Cardiff the capital city of Wales

Cardiff hasn’t always been a city or a capital city for Wales.

At the start of the 1800s Cardiff town had only a few thousand people living in a few different areas of terraced housing such as Splott, Canton, Crockherbtown, Newtown, Temperance Town, Butetown and Grangetown. With the coming of steam railways and the rise in importance of Welsh coal exports at the end of the Victorian era the town grew very rapidly. 

King Edward VII granted Cardiff city status on 28 October 1905. If you had been in school at that time you would have been invited with all the other school children of the town to the official opening of the City Hall. Schools from all over Cardiff marched their pupils to the new Civic Centre and each child was given a medallion to remember the special day that Cardiff became a city! Can you imagine being in the crowd cheering on His Majesty in his top hat! Little did those children think that within ten years many of the boys in the crowd would have to go off to fight in the First World War and sadly many not coming back.

Later, despite discussion and arguments that went on before and after the Second World War, the government decided that Cardiff was to be the capital city of Wales in December 1955 when Gwilym Lloyd George the Home Secretary at that time made the announcement in the United Kingdom Parliament in London.

In 1924 The South Wales Daily News ran a poll asking local authorities to vote for their preferred capital city. However, places like Aberystwyth and Caernarfon who also thought they should be the capital city for Wales as it was said they were more “Welsh” in language and character than Cardiff were disappointed when they lost the vote.

Cardiff has weathered many changes for over two hundred years to become the important fast growing thriving Capital City that it is today.

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